Apa Style: Reference List

August 15, 2016 by Chelsea Lee APA Style references have four parts: author, date, title, and source, and these parts are separated by periods. This example of a book reference shows the pattern (the periods are highlighted to help you see them): Author, A. (2017). Title of book. Publisher Location: Publisher Name. Some cases can cause some confusion, however, such as group authors, screen names, and titles ending in punctuation such as question marks. Read on to learn how to handle reference punctuation in those cases. Group Authors When the author of a work is a group, add a period after the group name to end the author portion of the reference. Community Preventive Services Task Force. (2015). Clinical decision support systems recommended to prevent cardiovascular disease. Screen Names When a user has a screen name as well as a real name (as with many social media references), put a period after the closing brackets that enclose the screen name (but do not put a period between the real name and the screen name). Stanford Medicine [SUMedicine]. (2012, October 9). Animal study shows sleeping brain behaves as if it's remembering: http://stan.md/RrqyEt #sleep #neuroscience #research [Tweet]. Retrieved from https://twitter.com/SUMedicine/status/255644688630046720 Titles Ending in Punctuation When the title of a work ends with a punctuation mark, such as a question mark or exclamation point, this punctuation mark takes the place of the period that would otherwise be added at the end of the title. Millon, T. (2016). What is a personality disorder? References Ending in a DOI or URL One case where you should never add a period is after a DOI or URL. This is to prevent the impression that the period is part of the DOI or URL (which would then prevent it from working). Do you have other reference-punctuation questions? Leave them as a comment below. October 05, 2015 by Chelsea Lee Proper citation is an important component of any APA Style paper. However, many readers believe certain sources aren’t allowed in APA Style, and they write to us looking for a definitive list of what is off limits. Two of the most common questions are about whether it’s okay to cite websites and whether sources have to have been published within a certain time frame to be cited, such as the last 5 or 10 years. Let’s set the record straight: Anything that a reader can retrieve, you can cite as a source in an APA Style reference list. Things the reader can’t retrieve (like a conversation, an unrecorded webinar, or a personal e-mail) can be cited as personal communications (see PM § 6.20). And there are no limits on the age of sources. But just because you can cite anything as a source doesn’t mean you should. Rather, APA recommends that sources be reliable, primary accounts that represent the most up-to-date information wherever possible. Let’s look at each of these aspects in more detail. Reliable Sources A reliable source is one you can trust. Two indicators of reliability are the expertise of the author and the vetting standards of the place of publication. For example, an article written by a researcher and published in a peer-reviewed journal is likely to contain reliable information and thus would make a good source. On the other hand, a random website written by an unknown person, for example, is less likely to be reliable, and thus we would not recommend you cite this source unless you have a good reason (e.g., to talk about the source’s unreliability) or you verify the information yourself using other reliable sources. However, the mere fact that information is published online is not reason to dismiss it as unreliable. Many scientific, medical, and governmental organizations—such as the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), National Institutes of Health, U.S. Census Bureau, and even the APA—publish reliable information on their websites and social media sites. Scientists and research organizations might publish blogs or YouTube videos that are worth citing. Evaluate each source on its own merits for reliability when determining whether to cite it in a paper. Primary Sources A primary source presents information gathered firsthand, such as the results of an experiment or data from a survey. Secondary sources present information secondhand—an example would be a textbook summary of a topic or a Wikipedia article. APA recommends citing primary sources whenever possible, because this allows you to verify the accuracy and completeness of the information yourself rather than rely on someone else to do this for you. Secondary sources can be reliable, but it is a best practice of scholarly writing to investigate for yourself if you can. See here and here for more information on primary and secondary sources. Up-to-Date Sources APA recommends that you use the most up-to-date research you can find on your topic. However, the meaning of up-to-date will vary depending on the field. Some fields develop faster than others, and even within a field, some information will remain relevant for a long time, whereas other information will become outdated. For example, foundational works may be quite old but still worth citing when you are establishing the context for your own work. There is no year-related cutoff where sources must be published within the past x number of years to be used in a paper. Each source must be evaluated on a case-by-case basis to determine whether the information in it is timely and relevant. If you have further questions about choosing sources for an APA Style paper, leave a comment below.  November 20, 2014 Psychological 1, 82-83. doi:10.1037/h0067178 Posted by Timothy McAdoo at 5:40 PM in Reference list | Permalink | Comments (1) March 13, 2014 by Jeff Hume-Pratuch Did  you know that there’s no such thing as a bibliography in APA Style? It’s a fact! APA Style uses text citations and a reference list, rather than footnotes and a bibliography, to document sources. A reference list and a bibliography look a lot alike: They’re both composed of entries arranged alphabetically by author, for example, and they include the same basic information. The difference lies not so much in how they look as in what they contain. A bibliography usually contains all the works cited in a paper, but it may also include other works that the author consulted, even if they are not mentioned in the text. Some bibliographies contain only the sources that the author feels are most significant or useful to readers. In APA Style, however, each reference cited in text must appear in the reference list, and each entry in the reference list must be cited in text. If you cite only three sources in your paper, your reference list will be very short—even if you had to read 50 sources to find those three gems! (Hopefully, that hard work will pay off on your next assignment.) The APA Style Experts are often asked to provide the “official APA-approved format” for annotated bibliographies (i.e., bibliographies that contain the author’s comments on each source). As you may have guessed, there isn’t one; APA Style doesn’t use bibliographies of any sort. In addition, though, the reference list in APA Style contains only the information that is necessary to help the reader uniquely identify and access each source. That’s why there is no format for an annotated bibliography in the Publication Manual. January 30, 2014 Descriptive section names (e.g., introduction, when introduction is not an actual heading in the document)     Keep in mind these rules will apply to any part of a source you can think of. If the particular part you have in mind is not listed above or addressed in section 4.17, feel free to ask about it in the comments. October 18, 2013 by Chelsea Lee Thanks to developments in technology and feedback from our users, the APA Style team has updated the formats for citing social media, including content from Twitter, Facebook, and Google+. These guidelines are the same as you’ll find in our

APA Style: Reference List
Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fowl.english.purdue.edu%2Fowl%2Fresource%2F560%2F05%2F APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. This resource, revised according to the 6th edition, second printing of the APA manual, offers examples for the general format of APA research papers, in-text citations, endnotes ... Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide - Purdue Online ... https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/10/ Mar 27, 2015 ... APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite ... Reference List: Electronic Sources (Web Publications). Quick Answers—References - APA Style http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.apastyle.org%2Flearn%2Fquick%2Dguide%2Don%2Dreferences.aspx Quick Answers—References Websites. For a passing reference to a website in text, the URL is sufficient; no reference list entry is needed. ... In APA Style, include a reference list rather than a bibliography with your paper. What's the difference? Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide - Purdue Online ... https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/05/ Mar 1, 2013 ... Reference List: Basic Rules. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social ... APA Citation Examples - UMUC Library http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fsites.umuc.edu%2Flibrary%2Flibhow%2Fapa_examples.cfm APA Citation Examples. Based on APA Publication Manual, 6th Edition (2009) and Style Guide to Electronic References (2012) Some General Rules. In-Text Citations Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide - Purdue Online ... https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/06/ Oct 31, 2012 ... Reference List: Author/Authors. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social sciences. APA REFERENCE LIST - LousyWriter.com http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.lousywriter.com%2Fwritingstyles%2Fapa%2Dreference%2Dlist.php In your APA Style paper (thesis, dissertation or academic paper), the reference list is an alphabetical list of all the resources that you've used to compose your paper. Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide - Purdue Online ... https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/01/ May 13, 2016 ... APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to ... papers, in-text citations, endnotes/footnotes, and the reference page. ... can find a complete list of all the errors in the APA's 6th edition style guide. APA Style Blog: Reference list http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fblog.apastyle.org%2Fapastyle%2Freference%2Dlist%2F by Chelsea Lee. APA Style references have four parts: author, date, title, and source, and these parts are separated by periods. This example of a book reference shows the pattern (the periods are highlighted to help you see them): Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide - Purdue Online ... https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/07/ Oct 5, 2013 ... APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the ... Reference List: Articles in Periodicals. PDF APA Style — Reference List/In-Text - Academic Experts http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.academicexperts.us%2Fdl%2FAPA_Style.pdf APA Style—Reference List/In-Text If you are looking for the freelance online writing jobs, you have to be sure to acquire skills on applying various citation styles. Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide - Purdue Online ... https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/09/ May 14, 2014 ... APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social ... Reference List: Other Print Sources. PDF APA References List Examples - FLCC Library http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Flibrary.flcc.edu%2FAPA_FLCC.pdf APA Reference List Examples Book with Single Author: Gore, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what Purdue OWL: APA Formatting and Style Guide - Purdue Online ... https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/560/08/ Sep 28, 2013 ... Reference List: Books. Summary: APA (American Psychological Association) style is most commonly used to cite sources within the social ... PDF APA Style Sample Reference Page - University of Saint Joseph http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fww2.usj.edu%2FPDF%2FCAE%2Fapareferencepage_6th_ed.pdf APA STYLE SAMPLE REFERENCE PAGE 1 Prepared by Susan Lester, Center for Academic Excellence, Saint Joseph College, August 2009 Sample Reference Page APA Style Blog: Reference list http://blog.apastyle.org/apastyle/reference-list/ Aug 15, 2016 ... by Chelsea Lee. APA Style references have four parts: author, date, title, and source, and these parts are separated by periods. This example of ... How to Cite Anything in APA Format - EasyBib http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.easybib.com%2Fguides%2Fcitation%2Dguides%2Fapa%2Dformat%2F This complete guide teaches you everything you need to know about the APA Citation Format. Learn how to cite books, academic sources, websites and more. Quick Answers—References - APA Style http://www.apastyle.org/learn/quick-guide-on-references.aspx In APA Style, include a reference list rather than a bibliography ... for more specifics about the required format. APA Style http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.apastyle.org%2F The authority on APA Style and the 6th edition of the APA Publication Manual. Find tutorials, the APA Style Blog, how to format papers in APA Style, and other resources to help you improve your writing, master APA Style, and learn the conventions of scholarly publishing. APA References List Examples - FLCC Library http://library.flcc.edu/APA_FLCC.pdf APA Reference List Examples. Book with Single Author: Gore, A. (2006). An inconvenient truth: The planetary emergency of global warming and what we can do ... Citation Machine: Format & Generate Citations - APA, MLA ... http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.citationmachine.net%2F Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite sources in APA, MLA, Chicago, Turabian, and Harvard for free. APA Citation Style Guide - libguides.williams.edu http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Flibguides.williams.edu%2Fciting%2Fapa APA Citation Style Guide, 6th ed. Developed by the American Psychological Association, this style is widely used in the sciences and social sciences. This guide provides examples of the most commonly cited types of sources used by Williams College students. Comprehensive APA Reference List Models - Ashford Writing http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fawc.ashford.edu%2Fcd%2Dapa%2Dreference%2Dmodels.html Common APA Reference List Models. This guide contains examples of references in APA style. The references are grouped by category: periodicals; books and reference books; audiovisual media; and internet resources. APA Reference Style Guide - library.nmu.edu http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Flibrary.nmu.edu%2Fguides%2Fuserguides%2Fstyle_apa.htm APA Reference Style Guide Developed and maintained by Professor Michael "Mike" Strahan. Updated 3/10/2017. Examples reflect the 6th edition, 2nd printing (© 2010) ... APA Citation Guide: How to cite anything in APA format http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.bibme.org%2Fcitation%2Dguide%2Fapa How to cite everything in APA format with our APA Citation Guide. The APA Citation guide includes popular sources like books, journals, and websites. APA Citation and Formatting Quick Guide - EasyBib Blog http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.easybib.com%2Fguides%2Fcitation%2Dguides%2Fapa%2Dformat%2Fquick%2Dguide%2F Citation Guides. MLA Format Citation Guide; APA Citation Guide; Chicago Style Citation Guide; How do I cite a… Blog; APA Basics: Quick Guide. Book . Structure: Last, F. M. (Year Published). Book. City, State: Publisher. Example: Carley, M. J. (1999). PDF APA Format-6 Edition - web.calstatela.edu http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fweb.calstatela.edu%2Flibrary%2Fguides%2F3apa.pdf 1 APA Format-6th Edition OVERVIEW-The American Psychological Association (APA) style is widely accepted in the social sciences and other fields, such as education, business, and nursing. Citation Machine: APA format citation generator for book http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.citationmachine.net%2Fapa%2Fcite%2Da%2Dbook Citation Machine™ helps students and professionals properly credit the information that they use. Cite your book in APA format for free. Citation Management | Cornell University Library http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.library.cornell.edu%2Fresearch%2Fcitation Guides for Citing Sources. American Psychological Association (APA) citation style from the Purdue OWL; Modern Language Association (MLA) citation style from the Purdue OWL Basics of APA Style Tutorial http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fflash1r.apa.org%2Fapastyle%2Fbasics%2Findex.htm%3F__utma Basics of APA Style Tutorial PDF APA Style Reference Citations - University of Toledo http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.utoledo.edu%2Flibrary%2Fhelp%2Fguides%2Fdocs%2FAPAstyle.pdf 1 APA Style Reference Citations Library Resource Guide WHAT IS A REFERENCE CITATION? A reference citation is the documentation needed to make your paper acceptable for academic purposes. PDF APA Style Citation Guide - University ... - web.library.uq.edu.au http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fweb.library.uq.edu.au%2Ffiles%2F26505%2FAPA%2D6th%2Dedition%2Dstyle%2Dguide.pdf The "APA style" is an author-date style for citing and referencing information in assignments and publications. This guide is based on the American Psychological Association's Publication Manual, APA style, and the reference list is formatted per APA style http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Facademicguides.waldenu.edu%2Fwritingcenter%2Fapa%2Freferences This guide includes instructional pages on reference list entries in APA style. Writing a Bibliography: APA Format - Science Buddies http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.sciencebuddies.org%2Fscience%2Dfair%2Dprojects%2Fproject_apa_format_examples.shtml How to write a bibliography using APA Reference List Format. Log In | Create an Account. ... Writing a Bibliography: APA Format ... The APA guidelines specify using sentence-style capitalization for the titles of books or articles, ... APA Style Blog: Lists, Part 5: Bulleted Lists http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fblog.apastyle.org%2Fapastyle%2F2010%2F03%2Flists%2Dpart%2D5%2Dbulleted%2Dlists.html This is the fifth in a six-part series about lists. Today I'll discuss bulleted lists, which are new to APA Style! As the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association notes (p. 63), creating a list sometimes "helps the reader understand the organization of key points." And APA Referencing guide - University of Southern Queensland http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.usq.edu.au%2Flibrary%2Freferencing%2Fapa%2Dreferencing%2Dguide Harvard AGPS Referencing guide; APA Referencing guide; Australian Guide to Legal Citation; Other referencing styles; ... APA Style requires reference lists, not bibliographies. The reference list begins a new page with the centred heading - References ; 3 Ways to Write an APA Style Bibliography - wikiHow http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.wikihow.com%2FWrite%2Dan%2DAPA%2DStyle%2DBibliography How to Write an APA Style Bibliography. Technically speaking, there's no "APA style bibliography." A traditional bibliography is a list of all the sources consulted while you research and write. Some people use the term "bibliography" more... Apa Reference Style Guide - Android Apps on Google Play http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fplay.google.com%2Fstore%2Fapps%2Fdetails%3Fid%3Dcom.apareference.study%26hl%3Den The "APA Reference Style Application" is an author-date style for citing and referencing information in assignments and publications. This guide is based on the American Psychological Association's Publication Manual, apa version 6th edition. Guides: APA, MLA, and Harvard citation style guides - Cite ... http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.citethisforme.com%2Fguides A comprehensive list of citation style guides. How to reference your sources using the APA, MLA, and Harvard styles. Reference list - APA Referencing Style Guide - LibGuides http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Faut.ac.nz.libguides.com%2FAPA6th%2Freferencelist A reference list lists only the sources you refer to in your writing. The purpose of the reference list is to allow your sources to be be found by your reader.

Commentaries "Apa Style: Reference List"

Can someone check my APA style reference list? Sort by
Please check my APA Reference List? You should check the Purdue university website: ww.owl.english.purdue.edu + APA it will give you very specific examples, explanations and a complete paper to look at. You can print it out for reference, about 30 pages.
How to properly list References in APA style? 1 Answers · Education & Reference · 10/12/2011
How to do in-text referencing when having a reference list APA style? ... in your reference list. Also, no first... the third reference, make sure you add a space between.... (2008). (italics)APA style for newbies.(/italics...
APA STYLE REFERENCE LIST, HELP ? 1 Answers · Social Science · 06/10/2008
What is the appearance of a journal name in a citation and reference list in APA style? If you have no author it would appear in the references list as: The rapid. (year). etc. "The" is capitalised...
APA STYLE REFERENCE LIST.? 1 Answers · Education & Reference · 15/04/2009
how does one reference using apa style? You should do your in-text reference with the Author's name(year) and depending on your source you may need to put a page number at the end of your in-text reference. If you need more help go to the site below.
APA STYLE GUIDE: is the "works cited" or bibliography called a "Reference List" for APA style? 1 Answers · Education & Reference · 22/02/2013
APA format help??? Please see the Purdue University English Dept. citation sites: www.owl.english.purdue.edu for APA or MLA citation references, and a sample paper.
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