Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What Is A Claim Statement?

ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY : In this kind of essay, we not only give information but also present an argument with the PROS (supporting ideas) and CONS (opposing ideas) of an argumentative issue. We should clearly take our stand and write as if we are trying to persuade an opposing audience to adopt new beliefs or behavior. The primary objective is to persuade people to change beliefs that many of them do not want to change.   it should be narrowed down X Marijuana should be considered illegal. (Not a good topic because it is too general. In some medical cases, marijuana is prescribed by the doctors and the patients are encouraged to use it in case of suffering from too much pain) √   X We should decide whether we want a bicycle or a car. (our stand is not clear: do we support having bicycles or cars?) √ If we are under the age of 30 and want a healthy life, we should definitely get a bicycle instead of a car.   a question cannot be an argument) √ (facts cannot be arguments) Turkey X feelings cannot be supported; we cannot persuade other people)   If you believe that you can find enough evidence to support your idea and refute others effectively, you can choose challenging topics as well. You can enjoy writing about such topics:         Cheating is beneficial for students.          Murat 124 is a very good choice for conscientious drivers.          Stress is good for the human body.         Polygamy is quite natural.   : All argumentative topics have PROs and CONs. Before starting writing, it is imperative to make a list of these ideas and choose the most suitable ones         Pattern 1:     -----> . (refutation method: insufficient claim) -----> . (refutation method: opponents are partially correct) 3. .   : This is the most important part when persuading others. We are asking some people to change their beliefs or actions. We should be supporting our ideas with such facts, statistics and/or authorities that there should not be room for any doubts. Here are some faulty supports we should avoid:   … Irrelevant examples (wandering off the topic) (… he would then be able to take his girlfriend to expensive restaurants.) Oversimplification (… only then would he understand what it means to be an adult. ) Hasty generalizations (... it is a widely known fact that all adolescents look forward to earning money .) Unreliable, even false outside sources (… according to www.doubtme.com, 80% of working men wish they quit school when they were at university and started working at an earlier age. )     Before we start saying that the opponents are wrong, we should specify their opposing ideas. Otherwise, it would be like hitting the other person with eyes closed. We should see clearly what we are hitting and be prepared beforehand so that he cannot hit us back. We can do this by knowing what we are refuting.   . X Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education; however, they are wrong. (what they say is not wrong. Maybe their supporting idea is wrong /irrelevant /insufficient. We should state their supporting idea specifically to be able to refute it.) √ Some people may say that adolescents should not leave university education because they are not physically and psychologically mature enough to cope with the problems of the real world. However, they forget one fact: adolescents can vote or start driving at the age of 18 (in some countries even before that age!), which proves that they are considered physically and psychologically mature at that age. :   Opponents of this idea claim / maintain that …              Some people may disagree with this idea.   : They claim that … since … However, : They have a point in thinking like that. To a certain extent they are right.     irrelevant to the topic: Their argument is irrelevant.   Throw out the bottles and boxes of drugs in your house. A new theory suggests that medicine could be bad for your health, which should at least come as good news to people who cannot afford to buy expensive medicine. However, it is a blow to the medicine industry, and an even bigger blow to our confidence in the progress of science. This new theory argues that healing is at our fingertips: we can be healthy by doing Reiki on a regular basis.   Supporters of medical treatment argue that medicine should be trusted since it is effective and scientifically proven. They say that there is no need for spiritual methods such as Reiki, Yoga, Tai Chi. These waste our time, something which is quite precious in our material world. There is medicine that can kill our pain, x-rays that show us our fractured bones or MRI that scans our brain for tumors. We must admit that these methods are very effective in the examples that they provide. However, there are some “every day complaints” such as back pains, headaches, insomnia, which are treated currently with medicine. When you have a headache, you take an Aspirin, or Vermidon, when you cannot sleep, you take Xanax without thinking of the side effects of these. When you use these pills for a long period, you become addicted to them; you cannot sleep without them. We pay huge amounts of money and become addicted instead of getting better. How about a safer and more economical way of healing? When doing Reiki to yourself, you do not need anything except your energy so it is very economical. As for its history, it was discovered in Japan America Western Europe.   In quantum physics, energy is recognized as the fundamental substance of which the universe is composed. Reiki depends on the energy within our bodies. It is a simple and effective way of restoring the energy flow. There are no side effects and it is scientifically explained.   Opponents of alternative healing methods also claim that serious illnesses such as HIV/AIDS and cancer cannot be treated without drugs. They think so because these patients spend the rest of their lives in the hospital taking medicine. How can Reiki make these people healthy again? It is very unfortunate that these patients have to live in the hospital losing their hair because of chemotherapy, losing weight because of the side effects of the medicine they take. Actually, it is common knowledge that except for when the cancer is diagnosed at an early stage, drugs also cannot treat AIDS or cancer. Most of the medicine these patients use are to ease their pain and their sufferings because of the medical treatment they undergo. Instead of drugs which are expensive and have many side effects, you can use your energy to overcome the hardships of life, find an emotional balance, leave the stress of everyday life and let go of the everyday worries. Most of the chronic conditions such as eczema or migraine are known to have causes such as poor diet and stress. Deep-rooted anger or other strong emotions can contribute to viral infections as well. Since balancing our emotions and controlling our thoughts are very important for our well-being, we should definitely start learning Reiki and avoid illnesses before it is too late.       Some people may still maintain that in our material world, everything depends on time. It is even “lacking time” that causes much of the stress that leads to the illnesses we mentioned. How would it be possible to find time to do Reiki to ourselves and the people around us when we cannot even find time to go to the theater? This is one good thing about Reiki; it does not require more than 15 minutes of our time. There is no need for changing clothes or special equipment. It is a wonderfully simple healing art, an effective method of relaxation and stress-relief. Most important of all, it is less time consuming than medicine if we think of all the time we spend taking medicine for some complaints and taking some more for the side effects as well.   Having said these, resistance to Reiki would be quite illogical. Reiki is natural and drug-free. What is more, it is easy to learn by anyone, regardless of age and experience. It can be used anywhere, anytime. It also enhances physical, mental, emotional and spiritual well-being and the benefits last a lifetime. It is definitely high time to get away from the drug boxes we store in our drug cabinet! _________________________________________________________________________

Free argumentative Essays and Papers - 123helpme http://www.123helpme.com/search.asp?text=argumentative Free argumentative papers, essays, and research papers. ... These results are sorted by most relevant first (ranked search). You may also sort these by color rating ... ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY - boun.edu.tr http://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/ARGUMENTATIVE%20ESSAY.htm This page explains what argumentative essay is, how it is organized, special techniques, language and a sample essay How to Write an Essay (with Sample Essays) - wikiHow http://www.wikihow.com/Write-an-Essay Edit Article wiki How to Write an Essay. Six Parts: Writing Your Essay Revising Your Essay Writing a Persuasive Essay Writing an Expository Essay Write a Narrative ... Writing conclusions to argumentative essays http://www.ltn.lv/~markir/essaywriting/conclude.htm Task 1: The three parts of a conclusion A simple introduction to an argumentative assignment has three parts. Read the following description of the parts. Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement? http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwritingservicestop.com%2Fplay%2F21946%2FaW1hZ2VzLzU2eDUyeDM1MTQ4Mw%2F Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement? - A essays. Home; Categories; Best Essay Writing Service! Writing Tube Best Education Video Tube - Essay Help! ... A essays and Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement? Related videos. 117 3:26. Essay Writing Dissertation. Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement? - YouTube https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=D0lR_j3_t94 Jul 11, 2016 - 2 min - Uploaded by Roble EducationThis series on argumentative essays will help you out! This video can be used by teachers in ... How to Write an Argumentative Essay (with Pictures ... http://www.wikihow.com/Write-an-Argumentative-Essay How to Write an Argumentative Essay. Understanding how to structure and write an argumentative essay is a useful skill. Strong argumentative essays present relevant ... ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY - boun.edu.tr http://www.buowl.boun.edu.tr/students/types%20of%20essays/ARGUMENTATIVE%20ESSAY.pdf ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Copyright @ 2006 Bogazici University SFL 1 of 6 ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY Definition Refuting opposing arguments Organization Language Essay - Wikipedia https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Essay An essay has been defined in a variety of ways. One definition is a "prose composition with a focused subject of discussion" or a "long, systematic discourse". It is ... Four types of essay: expository, persuasive, analytical ... http://access-socialstudies.cappelendamm.no/c319365/artikkel/vis.html?tid=382115 Have a well defined thesis. Start with a thesis statement/research question/statement of intent. Make sure you answer your question or do what you say you set out to do. PDF Writing an Argumentative Essay - Lane Community http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.lanecc.edu%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Ftrio%2Fwriting_an_argumentative_essay.pdf Writing an Argumentative Essay ... (Claim and counter claim statement) question. State both the claim (your position) and ... Body Part 1-Presenting the Case statement of claim or position .. A. Statement ofthe claim In this format, ... Claims, Claims, Claims https://depts.washington.edu/owrc/Handouts/Claims%20Claims%20Claims.pdf Page 1. Page 1 of 4. Courtesy the Odegaard ... A claim is the main argument of an essay. It is probably the single most important part ... Following are examples of descriptive thesis statements students write in high school. Each is drawn from ... technology essays: examples, topics, questions, thesis ... http://www.custom-essays.org/essay_about/technology_essays.html Technology and development essay What would the life of the planet be without technology? Though million of people claim that technology has separated humanity from ... How to Write an Argumentative Essay https://www.thoughtco.com/write-an-argument-essay-1856986 In an argument essay you will have to provide evidence without providing too much drama. You'll explore two sides of a topic (briefly) and provide proof as to why one ... Argument - The Writing Center at UNC-Chapel Hill http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwritingcenter.unc.edu%2Fhandouts%2Fargument%2F In academic writing, an argument is usually a main idea, often called a "claim" or "thesis statement," backed up with evidence that supports the idea. In the majority of college papers, ... Critical reading is a big part of understanding argument. ARGUMENTATIVE PAPER STRUCTURE https://depts.washington.edu/owrc/Handouts/Argumentative%20Paper%20Format.pdf Page 1 of 3. Courtesy the Odegaard Writing amp Research Center ... o PURPOSE: To set up and state one's claim o OPTIONAL ... CONCLUSION PART 1: SUM UP PARAGRAPH o PURPOSE: ... Sum up claim + supporting evidence statements. Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement ... http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DD0lR_j3_t94 This series on argumentative essays will help you out! This video can be used by teachers in the classroom, ... Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement? Roble Education. Loading... Unsubscribe from Roble Education? Cancel Unsubscribe. Writing an Argumentative Essay - Lane https://www.lanecc.edu/sites/default/files/trio/writing_an_argumentative_essay.pdf The argumentative essay, although bearing many similarities to the ... I. Introduction (Claim and counter claim statement) ... Body Part 1- Presenting the Case. Purdue OWL: Creating a Thesis Statement http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fowl.english.purdue.edu%2Fowl%2Fresource%2F545%2F01%2F Purdue OWL; Writing Lab; OWL News; Engagement; Research; ... Tips for Writing Your Thesis Statement. 1. Determine what kind of paper you are writing: ... An argumentative paper makes a claim about a topic and justifies this claim with specific evidence. Introducing Claim (or Thesis) Statements by Ms. Griego on Prezi https://prezi.com/1oajbh81i2wk/introducing-claim-or-thesis-statements/ Sep 21, 2016 ... A statement that is argued, defended, and supported in an essay. A claim is ... In fact, all of the body paragraphs will argue or defend your claim. Argumentative Thesis Statement - Educational Writing http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.educationalwriting.net%2Fresource_center%2FThesis%2FStatements%2FArgumentative_Thesis_Statement.htm How to write an argumentative thesis statement? Argument thesis statements. Open Modal. ... What type of claim is it? ... Argumentative Thesis Statement Example #1. Bad Thesis statement: ... Argumentative Essay Examples Sentence Starters http://www.tabithapang.com/uploads/1/3/2/1/13212010/argumentative_essay_examples_sentence_starters.pdf Page 1 ... The$introduction$to$an$argumentative$essay$should$have$three$ parts:$the$hook ... The$One$Sentence$Main$Claim$THESIS$STATEMENT). Claim Definition and Examples - thoughtco.com http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.thoughtco.com%2Fwhat%2Dis%2Dclaim%2Dargument%2D1689845 ... a claim is an arguable statement--an idea that a rhetor (a speaker or writer) ... Thesis Statement; Toulmin Model; ... What Part of an Argument Is the Refutation? Read. Article. What Is Argumentation? Read. How to Write a Paper Topic Proposal & Thesis Statement | DEAN'S ... http://blogs.umass.edu/honors291g-cdg/how-to-write-a-paper-topic-proposal-thesis-statement/ PART 1 OF THE ASSIGNMENT: PAPER TOPIC PROPOSAL .... 4) The “list essay” thesis: A good argumentative thesis provides not only a position on an issue ... Argumentative Writing. PART 1- ORGANIZATION STEP #1: State ... http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fslideplayer.com%2Fslide%2F8890189%2F Argumentative Writing. PART 1- ORGANIZATION STEP #1: ... Claim Statement : include your claim statement from Part 1, STEP #1 Draft the first paragraph ( Introduction ). Make sure it has the following (in order): a. Hook : ... Purdue OWL: Argument Papers - Purdue Online Writing Lab https://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/724/1/ Feb 25, 2013 ... Introductions, Body Paragraphs, and Conclusions for an Argument ... For exploratory essays, your primary research question would replace your thesis statement ... This section is adapted from Writing with a Thesis: A Rhetoric ... Creating Argument Outlines - Mesa Community College http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mesacc.edu%2F~paoih30491%2FArgumentsOutline.html Although there is no set model of organization for argumentative essays, ... Introductory Points and Thesis Statement ... Reason 1 supporting your claim: ... Parts of an Argumentative Essay Quiz- DO NOT WRITE ON QUIZ ... http://iblog.dearbornschools.org/msbeydoun2016/wp-content/uploads/sites/2128/2016/09/PartsofanArgumentativeEssayQuiz.pdf What are the two parts of a thesis statement? (2 pts). 10. Why is providing a counter claim important in an argumentative essay? (1 pt). Part C Directions. ​. Purdue OWL: Establishing Arguments http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fowl.english.purdue.edu%2Fowl%2Fresource%2F588%2F01%2F Welcome to the Purdue OWL. Purdue OWL; Writing Lab; OWL News; Engagement; Research; ... The thesis statement or main claim must be debatable. ... Which type of claim is right for your argument? Which type of thesis or claim you use for your argument will depend on your position and knowledge of ... Parts of An Argument: Claims, Counterclaims, Reasons, and ... http://study.com/academy/lesson/parts-of-an-argument-claims-counterclaims-reasons-and-evidence.html To effectively write an argument, you need to know the four basic parts. ... Chapter 1 / Lesson 5 Transcript ... Concluding Statements: Supporting Your Argument. How to ... How to Support Your Claims in Writing With Reasoning and Evidence. How to Write an Argumentative Essay - Essay Writing Help http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.essaywritinghelp.com%2Fargumentative.htm A basic guide on how to write a great argumentative essay. How to Write an Argumentative Essay The argumentative essay, although bearing many similarities to the persuasive ... I. Introduction (Claim and counter claim statement) II. Body Part I A. First counter point and refuting information B. Writing a Thesis and Making an Argument | Department of ... http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fclas.uiowa.edu%2Fhistory%2Fteaching%2Dand%2Dwriting%2Dcenter%2Fguides%2Fargumentation ... and a three-part structure with which to demonstrate ... This thesis statement asserts that French male lawyers attacked French women lawyers because they feared women as judges, an intriguing and controversial point. Making an Argument-- Every Thesis Deserves Its Day in Court. You are ... Types of Papers: Argument/Argumentative http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.roanestate.edu%2Fowl%2FArgument.html Types of Papers: Argument/Argumentative. ... You cannot argue a statement of fact, you must base your paper on a strong position. Ask yourself… ... claim to be an expert if you're not one …provide facts, evidence, ... PDF Structure of The Argumentative Essay http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fsastracha.files.wordpress.com%2F2017%2F03%2Fwk4%2Dw%2Darg%2Dstructure%2Darguing.pdf Outline for Argumentative Essay ¶Introduction ¶Hook ¶Background information ¶Thesis ... What are some qualities of an effective thesis statement? Provable Specific Takes a stand ... Each part is a major claim supporting the thesis and can contain How to Write an Argumentative Essay - thoughtco.com http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.thoughtco.com%2Fwrite%2Dan%2Dargument%2Dessay%2D1856986 To write an effective argument essay, ... your thesis will be a statement of your position on a particular controversial topic. ... Use a mix of evidence types, from statistics, to other studies and anecdotal stories. This part of your paper could be any length, from two paragraphs to two ... How to Create a Powerful Argumentative Essay Outline http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.kibin.com%2Fessay%2Dwriting%2Dblog%2Fargumentative%2Dessay%2Doutline%2F Putting together an argumentative essay ... You'll also notice that my thesis statement sets up the three claims I'm going to expand on later: a diet of insects can help fix problems related to starvation, obesity, and climate change. Here are even more example argumentative thesis statements. English Composition 1 - IVCC http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww2.ivcc.edu%2Frambo%2Feng1001%2Fargumentation.htm English Composition 1 Developing Effective Arguments with Claims, Evidence, and Warrants . There are three major elements to persuasive writing and argumentation: claims, evidence, and warrants. ... Now, whether or not Thoreau's statement is a claim or a fact, ... Sample Argument Essays - Mesa Community College http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.mesacc.edu%2F%257Epaoih30491%2FArgumentSampleEssays.html Sample Argument Essay #7. Click Here to View Essay "School Choice: An Educational Fit" (FOR) (PDF Document) ... Research Workshop: Writing and Presenting the Argumentative ... http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fquizlet.com%2F115092093%2Fresearch%2Dworkshop%2Dwriting%2Dand%2Dpresenting%2Dthe%2Dargumentative%2Dessay%2Dpart%2D1%2Dflash%2Dcards%2F Start studying Research Workshop: Writing and Presenting the Argumentative Essay, Part 1. Learn vocabulary, ... Writing and Presenting the Argumentative Essay, Part 1. STUDY. PLAY. ... Which is the best example of a thesis statement for an argumentative essay about zoos and animal welfare? PDF How to Write an Argumentative Essay http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.calstatela.edu%2Fsites%2Fdefault%2Ffiles%2Fgroups%2FDr.%2520Christopher%2520Endy%2Fwriting_tips.pdf PART ONE: THE ARGUMENTATIVE ESSAY IN OUTLINE FORM ... make sure that your opening hook provides a bridge to your thesis statement. Also be sure to avoid general statements that make sweeping and unsupportable claims (e.g. "Since the beginning of time, ... PDF #2 - Claims and Reasons 1 Argument Mapping 2: Claims http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.jostwald.com%2FArgumentMapping%2FArgMap2%2DClaims.pdf ... Claims and Reasons 1 Argument Mapping 2: Claims and Reasons We'll start with the very basics here, ... Claims and Reasons 2 Claim: Professor Ostwald's class is too easy. Reason: ... If you think a statement is an argument, ... Writer's Web: The Thesis Statement Exercise http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwriting2.richmond.edu%2Fwriting%2Fwweb%2Fthesisexerciseprint.html Complete the following exercise to practice drafting effective thesis statements / governing claims: Part One: Analysis of problematic thesis statements. 1) ... Revise this thesis statement to make the claim more specific: PDF Classic Model for an Argument http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fvalenciacollege.edu%2Fwp%2Fcssc%2Fdocuments%2FSampleArgumentOutline.pdf Classic Model for an Argument No one structure fits all written arguments. ... o This introduction should end with a thesis statement that provides your claim (what you are arguing for) and the reasons for your position on an issue. ... This could be part of the introduction, but may work as its how to write a claim statement for an essay - YouTube http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DXORUsyNhz7Q Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement? - Duration: 1:54. Roble Education 676 views. ... Writing a Claim Statement or Position Statement (1:36) - Duration: 1:37. Ms. Dana Yorks 233 views. 1:37. Loading more suggestions ... Introducing Claim (or Thesis) Statements - Prezi http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fprezi.com%2F1oajbh81i2wk%2Fintroducing%2Dclaim%2Dor%2Dthesis%2Dstatements%2F Transcript of Introducing Claim (or Thesis) Statements. Claims ... A statement that is argued, defended, and supported in an essay. A claim is just ONE sentence! An essay should be built around a claim! In fact, ... Re-state 1 sentence claim Technology is a part of everyday life. Argumentative Essay Outline Flashcards | Quizlet http:///l/?kh=-1&uddg=https%3A%2F%2Fquizlet.com%2F121905629%2Fargumentative%2Dessay%2Doutline%2Dflash%2Dcards%2F Start studying Argumentative Essay Outline. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, ... Main claim/thesis statement. Body Paragraph 1. First argument. Body Paragraph (1) part 2. ... part 1. Rebuttal. Body Paragraph (3) part 2. Warrant. Body Paragraph (3) part 3.
Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement? Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What is a Claim Statement?

Commentaries "Argumentative Essays, Part 1: What Is A Claim Statement?"

What is a good thesis statement for a Judy Blume biography essay? Sort by
What is a good thesis statement for the Ancient Greek Olympics? ... Statement: 1.Determine what kind of paper you are writing... component parts, evaluates... argumentative paper makes a claim about a topic and...
Parts in a Persuasive Essay???? 1 Answers · Education & Reference · 04/02/2010
What are some tips to writing a exceptional persuasion essay? ... Statement: 1.Determine what kind of paper you are writing... component parts, evaluates... argumentative paper makes a claim about a topic and...
should hiv positive people be forced to divulge their status is this a good thesis statement for an argumentiv? 2 Answers · Sports · 05/02/2010
How do you write a thesis with contradicting views in one sentence? A persuasive essay is constructed the same way as an argumentative essay. The first paragraph... with your thesis statement (or claim.) The second, ...
Can you help me make my thesis statement longer? 1 Answers · Education & Reference · 14/05/2009
how to write argumentative essay? ... no real argumentative assertion. This...reader may ask “so what?” ...people in the world are victims... this may be a true statement, as a reader, ... because: 1) it engages...
Can you combine these two ideas in one sentence for my thesis statement? 7 Answers · Education & Reference · 01/08/2008
I need help for an argumentative paper..? ... Statement: 1.Determine what kind of paper you are writing... component parts, evaluates... argumentative paper makes a claim about a topic and...
1 119 1